Saturday, June 27, 2020

Piezoelectric Energy Home Analysis - Free Essay Example

1.0 Introduction In Malaysia, each house using electricity at Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB). With the use of electricity, the family in each house to do the activities and generate electrical appliances such as air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines and others. Basically when using a lot of electricity, home users should pay a lot of bills. Some homes also have alternative energy like solar, water and wind, but it has disadvantages because of the use of solar energy they generate during the day camp only. While water and wind requires strategic places to generate electricity. Piezoelectric Energy Home more aimed at people always use a lot energy. Nornally piezoelectric energy home is a useful the future alternative energy. In the United States, China and Japan the consumer use this piezoelectric energy home as an alternative energy. At firstly, this piezoelectric is difficult owned alternative energy but in the future, people will easily get and use piezoelectric to help with the saving of energy costs and also a particularly safe environment. 1.1 Problem Statement By using the kinetic energy, consumers can reduce electricity use from Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB).  In addition, it is the best alternative energy because it will be produced day and night.  In addition, it can generate anywhere and can be used on anyone.  The kinetic energy function using the piezoelectric system [1].  It is a very easy method to tread plates, electrical energy will be generated and stored in the bank energy (battery) [3]. Bank staff will show the amount of time and energy to live and then send the electricity to electrical equipment (air conditioning) [2] is determined by the user.   1.2 Project Objective The objective of this project is to design a piezoelectric energy home with the following features: To design piezoelectric system to generate electricity from vibrations.   To apply the electrical energy produced to any electrical appliances. To evaluate the voltage produced varies with level and value. 1.3 Project Scope These following scopes are listed to ensured to ensure the project is heading the right direction and achieve the objectives: The board size is 27cm wide and 45cm long will convert the mechanical energy in electrical energy (piezoelectric system). Use the preteus 7 professional software and mikoelektromika software for C language programmers to LCD display (162) the level and value voltage at the battery charging. Can supply electrical appliances which has a capacity 100-220V 50-60Hz for example notebook adapter, hair dryer, curling iron and other things. Chapter 2 2.0 Literature Review 2.1 Overview This chapter describes the literature review which is related to this piezoelectric energy home project. Information about the piezoelectric energy home has been studied from different resources to perform this project. This chapter also carried out the whole project to gain knowledge and skills needed to complete this project. Those sources from thesis and journals will help to identify problems as well as giving ideas for analysis and decision making in this project. The technology that involved or already produced is studied. Study of the PIC, piezoelectric and other circuit used are conducted by referring the previous project that had been done. 2.2 Description of previous project system 2.2.1 Third Order Longitudinal Mode Piezoelectric ceramic transformer and its application to high-voltage power inverter Journal authors [1] pointed out that Figure shows the structure of the in investigated piezoelectric transformer which can operate in the third order longitudinal vibration mode. Triple Stacked tranformer which elements are thin piezoelectric ceramic esare available in the transformer. The transformer has symmetrical secondary electrodes trip at the center of it and a primary electrodes at both ends of the transformer. Figure Structure of triple-layered piezoelectric transformer operating in the third order longitudinal vibration mode. New PZT Actuator Using Piezoelectric Thin Film on Parallel Plate Structure Journals authors [2] display from the Figure shows parallel beam structure. Square hole is mode through the rectangular solid. Then the thin parallel beam structure is constructed. Section modulus of parallel beam is decreased by square hole. Parallel beam structure has many significant features as such: Piling up the the basic structures, we can increase displacement. We can increase rigidity by changing parallel beam thickness. Tip moves in parallel at the end and stiffness to the vertical direction is large. When displacement of the tips is small, stress of the structure is big. Figure Parallel Beam Structure 2.2.3 Vibration Active Control of Fluid Pulsation Based Piezoelectric valve In Figure the journal author [3] describes about structure of the piezoelectric direct drive servovalve is illustrated. It mainly consists of piezoelectric stacks, sleeve, spool and displacement sensor. The annulus piezoelectric stacks, which have holes in the center at drive the spool. When voltage whose amplitudes are equivalent but inverse phases are applied in the two piezoelectric stacks is a elongates and the other simultaneously shortens. Next the spool will move to the special direction the displacement sensor in the hollow of the piezoelectric stack can measure the displacement of the spool. Figure Schematic configuration of the piezoelectric direct drive servivalve 2.2.4 Analysis of Active Vibration Control for Piezoelectric Intelligent Structures by ANSYS and MATLAB Journals authors [4] describes the start of the piezoelctric actuator is operating vibration response containing the revocation of an object used to activate piezoelektric vibration control method. As shown in Figure the output controller will be control the output signals to the actuators and control subjects in the under control. It also use a sensor that can see vibration of the piezoelectric plate or other structure to move the intelligent actuator controller in accordance with the output. In addition, if the actuatorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s output is equal to the vibration response of the structure, least be suppressed or vibration of the structures should be controlled. Figure : Schematic diagram of active vibration control system 2.2.5 Wireless Drive of a Piezoelectric Plate by Dipole antenna Journals authors [5] states piezoelectric plate to the electric field plate shaped transmit he live and ground electrodes are used to form a dipole antenna like structure like live and ground electrodes of the dipole antenna from the piezoelectric plate is placed in a plane perpendicular to the electrodes and equidistant. Figure shows the mode of operation to determine the thickness of the piezoelectric wireless configuration. The material in the plates of lead zirconate titanate piezoelectricu (PZT) ceramic and poled along the thickness direction. The silver electrode on the plate at the top and bottom surfaces. Vibration the applied electricity field direction and both are parallel to the poling direction. The real power at the plate and delivers a load is measuring resistor connected across the two electrodes. Figure Configuration of wirelessly driven piezoelectric plate operating in the thickness mode. 2.2.6 A Research on the Piezoelectric Vibration Actuator for Mobile Phone Journals authors [6] states used in the horizontal diplacement of piezoelctric vibration device. The best way to get elestic body goes through polarized piezoelectric ceramaic plate and the piezoelectric ceramic is a good structure, design and type of parallel bimorph. The piezoelectric vibration device compasition to make the piezoelectric actuator is 0.1 Pb(Ni1/3Nb1/3Sb1/3)O3 to 0.9 Pb(Ni1/3Nb1/3Sb1/3)O3. A vibration device joined piezoelectrictric ceramic two plate plates sized by 25x12x0.1mm3 and phosphor-bronzer size by 28x12x0.1mm3 to two liquid types of epoxy. Figure Running principle. Inverter Inverter circuit serves to convert DC to AC voltage. The inverter circuit to produce a stable output as a integrated circuit CD4047. Astable multivibrator output is due to produce 4.40 RC (pulse width) and the monostable multivibrator output will be produce 2.48 RC (pulse width). After that, the signal will be go to the transistor used as amplifiers. This alows the signal to rise and generate the appropriate signals to produce a stable voltage when arrives the transformer. Battery A battery or voltaic cell is a combination of one or more electrochemical Galvanic cells which store chemical energy that can be converted into electric potential energy, creating electricity. The battery is the primary à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“sourceà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬? of electrical energy. It stores chemicals, not electricity. Two different types of lead in an acid mixture react to procude an electrical pressure. This electrochemical reaction changes chemical energy to electrical energy. Chapter 3 3.0 Methodology 3.1 Introduction This chapter describes how the project developed and what methods will be used and describes the methodology and approach taken in the project. This project consists hardware designing, circuit and of software development. A number of support tools such as PICkit and USB programmer will be used to assist on software and hardware development. Research and literature review which are related must be made before starting this project. Information from similar projects, theory about the microcontroller, piezoelectric and inverter circuit that intended to be used in this project need to be studied. By doing research from the previous works, relevant idea could be generated in order to implement this project. 3.2 Project development Project development consists of two parts hardware and software designs. 3.2.1 Hardware design For hardware design, the circuit is divided into several units based on its functionality. The units are piezoelectric unit, microcontroller unit, power supply unit, inverter unit and interface unit. The piezoelectric unit function for produces mechanical power to electric power and moving the battery. The microcontroller circuit functions as the processor of this battery to show the level and value voltage in interface unit. The power supply unit, it plays major rules in distributing the power to the other unit according to the requirement of the system such as if the microcontroller unit requires 5V voltage, the power supply unit will provide 5V supply to the microcontroller unit. Finally, the electric moving the inverter unit to convert from DC to AC for user can used the electrical appliances. 3.2.2 Software development Microcontroller functions is important as a brain of this system. Microcontroller will show the level and value voltage at battery. Microcontroller build used the c language to MicroC and burning the PIC16F877A at PICkit 2 v2.55. Specifically, these are the tasks that microcontroller performs for this interface battery example level and value voltage. For this project, a familiar microcontroller will be used. PIC microcontroller The PIC16F877A is from the PIC16 microcontroller family, with the some advantages is a high computational performance at an economical price and the addition of high endurance and Enhanced Flash Memory. Then added features include eight additional instructions that augment indirect and indexed addressing operations and the implementation of Indexed Literal Offset Addressing mode for many of the standard PIC16 instructions. In addition to these features, the PIC16F877A introduces design enhancements that make power sensitive applications to project and can build microcontroller a logical device for many high-performance.The PIC16F877A make use of NanoWatt technology that incorporates a range of features that can significantly reduce power and voltage consumption during operation includes: Alternate Run Modes. Multiple Idle Modes. On the Fly Mode Switching. Lower Consumption in Key Modules . Extended Instruction Set. 3.3 Part integration After all harware and software implementation is already finish and testing, all the part need to be integrate. The hardware must place at right location then the program is load into the microcontroller in order to test whether the piezoelectric can running and function to suitable for user. 3.4 Project Block Diagram Figure 3.4.1 : Project Block Diagram Component Description Piezoelectric plate Generate the energy from mechanical power to electric power Piezo regulator The voltage regulator to support 12V DC only and moving the battery to changer. Battery Storage and supply the voltage to give the inverter circuit. PIC and LCD Display The microcontroller use C language to show level and value voltage at LCD Display. Inverter Convert from DC to AC voltage. Electric appliances Electric appliances used by the user which features the 220v supply. Table 1: Component and Description Chapter 4 4.0 Expected Result The user stepping on the floor (piezoelectric plate) it will be generate from mechanical power to electric power because the plate can happen vibration. After that, the generate of electricity, it go in the piezoelectric voltage regulator to stabilize voltage so that it entered into the battery with a constant voltage. Later the battery will be to keep the voltage and go in the inverter to convert from DC to AC voltage1 for user can used the electrical appliances. In addition, the batter also display the level and value voltage by using PIC16F877A and LCD display. Figure 4.0.1: Flow chart Piezoelectric Energy Home. Chapter 5 5.0 Conclusion The project outlines were discussed with briefly. Piezoelectric Energy Home very easily function and safe to use by user. This project is the best alternative energy in a future. Then the user can saving in a payments for use electric. In addition, this project so easier for user to see the level and value voltage stored in the battery. The voltage in this project is stability and can used on all types of electric appliances. 5.1 Reference [1] S.Kawashima1, O.Ohnishi1, H.Hakamata1, S.Tagami1, A.Fukuoka1, T.Inoue1 and S.Hirose2, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Third Order Longitudinal Mode Piezoelectric ceramic transformer and its application to high-voltage power inverterà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, 1NEC Corporation Kawasaki 211, 2Yamagata University Yonezawa 992, Japan,2002. [2] Sato.H , Arai.F, Ishihara.H, Fukuda.T, Iwata.H, Itogawa.K, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“New PZT Actuator Using Piezoelectric Thin Film on Parallel Plate Structureà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬? Department Of Micro. Sys.tem Engineering nagoya University, Japan, 2002. [3] Hongmei Liu2, Pingchao Ouyang2, Yunlong Cai1, Chen Lu1, Jiahui Luan1, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Vibration Active Control of Fluid Pulsation Based Piezoelectric valveà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, 1Department of System Engineering of Engineering Technologi Beihang University, 2501 research institute China Academy of Space Technology Haidian, Beijing, China, 2009. [4] Zhu Xiaojin, Zhao Miao, Gao Zhiyuan, Chen Zhiyan, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Analysis of Active Vibration Control for Piezoelectric Intelligent Structures by ANSYS and MATLABà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, School of Mechatronics Engineering and Automation Shanghai University, Shanghai, China, 2010. [5] Satyanarayan Bhuyan and Junhui Hu, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Wireless Drive of a Piezoelectric Plate by Dipole antennaà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, School of Electrical Electronic Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2009. [6] O.D. Kwon1, J.S. Yoo1, Y.J.Yun1, J.S. Lee3, S.H. Kang2, K.J. Lim1, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“A Research on the Piezoelectric Vibration Actuator for Mobile Phoneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, 1School of Electrical Computer Engineering, Chungbuk National University, 1I2 Gaeshin-dong, Heungduk-gu, Chongju, Korea, 2Dept. of fire prevention engineering, chungcheomg University, Korea, 3RD Center, EMD Co., Ltd., Cheonan, Korea, 2005. [7] Jing-yu Yang,Guo-ping Chen, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Actuator Placement And Configuration Direction Optimation In Plate Structure Vibration Control Systemà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, Nanjing University Of Aeronautics And Astronautics , Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, 2010. [8] B. J. G. Vautier and S . 0. R. Moheimani, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Avoiding Hysteresis in Vibration Control Using Piezoelectric Laminatesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, The School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of Newcastle, Callaghan , Australia, 2003. [9] Takuro Ikeda, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Fundamentals of Piezoelectricityà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬?, Oxford University, England ,2002. [10] The Jiashi, The Mechanics Of piezoelectric Structure, World scientific New York, 2006.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Brontës Jane Eyre Reinforcing the Significance of...

HSC 2009 Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre Through its portrayal of human experience, Bronte’s Jane Eyre reinforces the significance of resilience. To what extent does your interpretation of Jane Eyre support this view? In your response, make detailed reference to the novel. Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Bronte 1847, is a novel to which human experience and self-determination is prominent. Bronte writes with such lyrical momentum, carrying the reader throughout the novel and allowing them to get a sense of her human experience to which her resilience is evident. The significance of resilience is conveyed throughout the novel repetitively and through the thorough form of†¦show more content†¦Then in comparison, Lowood is expressed through nature as â€Å"Flowers peeped out amongst the leaves: snowdrops, crocuses, purple auriculas, and golden-eyed pansies†. This is a binary contrast to the setting of Gateshead. Then the setting at Thornfield is illustrated by â€Å"apple-t rees, pear-trees, and cherry-trees on one side, and a border on the other full of all sorts of old-fashioned flowers, stocks, sweet-Williams, primroses, pansies, mingled with southernwood, sweet-briar and various fragrant herbs.† The use of â€Å"pansies† in both the Lowood and Thornfield setting draws parallel’s between the two, thereby conveying the true comfort and happiness that both setting’s allowed for Jane. We are positioned to view the emotion to which Jane feels in each setting as a guideline to her resilience. Thus through the bildungsroman form of the text an interpretation of the novel can be formed and thereby positions us to acknowledge and place emphasis of Jane’s resilience as a character. Charlotte Bronte uses dualities as a way to express and evoke feelings from within the novel. The use of fire and ice, and warmth and coldness is used repetitively throughout the novel, embedding a sense of comfort and happiness from the warmth an d fire, and con the contrast a sense of distress and angst from coldness and ice. Dramatic imagery is seen throughout once again enforcing the idea of contradicting settings, with Gateshead, â€Å"the cold

Monday, May 18, 2020

Should Marijuana Be Legalized - 887 Words

Nowadays, there are several illicit drugs such as marijuana, heroin, cocaine that are used in some area in the United States. Those drugs influence people every day of their life. They also affect people whether they are using them, drugs dealer, victims of drugs related crime or dealing with family members’ addiction. On the other hands, the government spends much money for education, medical, technology and recycles. Besides these issues, the government also spends billions of dollars for drug laws enforcement to against them and drug fighting. Since drugs are unsafe, the prohibition is an answer to this problem. The government of the United States should consider to legalizing those drugs. Although some people oppose that drugs legalizing drugs will increases the number of users, increases the number of users, and make more people addictive; however it can be true that legalizing drugs will increase the economic, reduce the corruption of officers, and save tax money. First, although some people that drug legalization increases the number of users, but legalizing drugs can bring the economics of the country up. Illegal drugs such as marijuana is very hard to be sold because of the law enforcement, and some people are finding the way to sell it to make money. This drug can be worth a hundred of the dollar and more. Since the drugs are still illegal, it is hard to make money. Because of that, the government should legalize those drugs. When legalizing them, people can sellShow MoreRelatedShould Marijuana Be Legalized?849 Words   |  4 Pageswhether marijuana should be legalized. Around 23 states have legalized marijuana for medical and recreational use. In the state of Illinois, medicinal use of marijuana has been passed on April 17, 2013. Since January 2014, patients are able to obtain marijuana with a doctor s recommendation. The new debate is whether marijuana should be legalized for the general public as a recreational drug. Although some beli eve that marijuana is harmless, and that it has beneficial medicinal uses, marijuana shouldRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1715 Words   |  7 PagesMarijuana in Society Cannabis, formally known as marijuana is a drug obtained from the tops, stems and leaves of the hemp plant cannabis. The drug is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. Only substances like caffeine, nicotine and alcohol are used more (â€Å"Marijuana† 1). In the U. S. where some use it to feel â€Å"high† or get an escape from reality. The drug is referred to in many ways; weed, grass, pot, and or reefer are some common names used to describe the drug (â€Å"Marijuana† 1). Like mostRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1489 Words   |  6 Pagescannabis plant or marijuana is intended for use of a psychoactive drug or medicine. It is used for recreational or medical uses. In some religions, marijuana is predominantly used for spiritual purposes. Cannabis is indigenous to central and south Asia. Cannabis has been scientifically proven that you can not die from smoking marijuana. Marijuana should be legalized to help people with medical benefits, econo mic benefits, and criminal benefits. In eight states, marijuana was legalized for recreationalRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1245 Words   |  5 PagesMarijuana is a highly debatable topic that is rapidly gaining attention in society today.   Legalizing marijuana can benefit the economy of this nation through the creation of jobs, increased tax revenue, and a decrease in taxpayer money spent on law enforcement.   Ã‚  Many people would outlaw alcohol, cigarettes, fast food, gambling, and tanning beds because of the harmful effects they have on members of a society, but this is the United States of America; the land of the free and we should give peopleRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1010 Words   |  5 PagesThe legalization of marijuana became a heated political subject in the last few years. Twenty-one states in America have legalized medical marijuana. Colorado and Washington are the only states where marijuana can be purchased recreationally. Marijuana is the high THC level part of the cannabis plant, which gives users the â€Å"high† feeling. There is ample evidence that supports the argument that marijuana is beneficial. The government should legalize marijuana recreationally for three main reasonsRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1350 Words   |  6 Pagespolitics in the past decade would have to be the legalization of marijuana. The sale and production of marijuana have been legalized for medicinal uses in over twenty states and has been legalized for recreational uses in seven states. Despite the ongoing support for marijuana, it has yet to be fully legalized in the federal level due to cultural bias against â€Å"pot† smoking and the focus over its negative effects. However, legalizing marijuana has been proven to decrease the rate of incrimination in AmericaRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1231 Words   |  5 Pagesshows the positive benefits of marijuana, it remains illegal under federal law. In recent years, numerous states have defied federal law and legalized marijuana for both recreational and medicinal use. Arizona has legalized marijuana for medical use, but it still remains illegal to use recreationally. This is absurd, as the evidence gathered over the last few decades strongly supports the notion that it is safer than alcohol, a widely available substance. Marijuana being listed as a Schedule I drugRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized? Essay1457 Words   |  6 PagesSHOULD MARIJUANA BE LEGALIZED? Marijuana is a drug that has sparked much controversy over the past decade as to whether or not it should be legalized. People once thought of marijuana as a bad, mind-altering drug which changes a person’s personality which can lead to crime and violence through selling and buying it. In the past, the majority of citizens believed that marijuana is a harmful drug that should be kept off the market and out of the hands of the public. However, a recent study conductedRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1596 Words   |  7 Pages But what needs to be known before a user can safely and completely make the decision if trying Marijuana is a good idea? Many do not want the drug to be legalized because they claim that Cannabis is a â€Å"gateway drug†, meaning it will cause people to try harder drugs once their body builds up a resistance to Marijuana, because a stronger drug will be needed to reach a high state. This argument is often falsely related to the medical si de of the debate over legalization. It is claimed that this wouldRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?985 Words   |  4 PagesLegalize Marijuana Despite what people believe about marijuana, it hasn’t once proved to be the cause of any real issue. It makes you wonder what the reason as to why there is a war on drugs. Why is marijuana the main concern? Since the time that alcohol and tobacco became legal, people wonder why marijuana isn’t legal yet. The fact that marijuana is illegal is mainly caused by the amount of money, jobs, and pride invested in the drug war. Once the government starts anything, they stick to it. At

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Persuasive Essay About Abortion - 993 Words

Form Writing for publication was presented as a newspaper article. The chosen theme was a real-estate article. Bold headings to grab the eye of the reader were used, same as big and clear images. The article was presented in three different columns. Writing for a visual prompt was presented in two peoples perspectives. The story consisted of a daughter (Deb) and mother’s perspective after the death of her father. The purpose of this layout is to show how they are both grieving in individual ways. Writing for the persuasive was presented as an essay on why abortion should be accessible in every country, and to also outline the shame women receive. Purpose Purpose for writing publication- Purpose for writing a real-estate article was to†¦show more content†¦It addresses a degree of emotional abuse, and mental health issues that a death can cause. The context of the persuasive essay on abortion is set in the 21st century, and as the world becomes more accepting actions such as abortion, laws begin to change to cater to the new generation. However, there are always people that will oppose to these changes. That’s what was outlined in my persuasive essay. Target Audiences The target audience for the real-estate article is someone who is looking for a spacious house to purchase. It probably would be directed more at a young family that’s looking for more room, or a couple that are planning on having a bigger family in the future. Due to the economy and the continuous increase of house prices, this house probably would be targeted at a middle-class family. The target audience for the visual prompt is someone who is looking for a story that contains an unexpected ending and series of events. It also touches basis on mental health. Its more targeted at a younger audience, between 16-30 years old. As it’s based on two women, the gender of the audience probably would be more women than men. As it focuses on grief and how that can change someone, it can be relatable to some audience members. The target audience for the persuasive piece on abortion would be more directed at someone that supports abortions, or have similar views as me. The gender of the target audience would mostShow MoreRelatedPersuasive essay about abortions1031 Words   |  5 PagesAbortion has been one of the biggest controversies of all time. Many people believe it is 100% wrong and even consider it to be murder. The definition of abortion is; â€Å"The termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to being capable of normal growth.† These pro-life believers do not support the idea of abortion and believe it should be illegal. Many of these supporters do not know that if abortion were illegal they would still be performed, unfortunatelyRead MorePersuasive Essay About Abortion859 Words   |  4 Pageschoice. Or is it? Abortion is a very touchy subject in America nowadays considering all the laws being passed that abortion should be illegal. There are obviously different sides to this. Many people believe that abortions are unethical. Im not here to give you my argument or tell you which side Im on, even though it will be really hard for me to not express my emotions. I am here to inform you on what an abortion is and the many factors people talk about while arguing about abortions. Getting an abortionRead MoreEssay about Persuasive Arument on Abortion1309 Words   |  6 Pagesargument whether abortion should be legal or not has been raging for years. In America where democracy rules and the right to freedom of choice are set at a high priority among citizens, it’s not hard to see pro-choice and pro-life ideals going head on. In this paper I will explain some of the major reasons woman have abortions, as well as how if we are truly a democratic society and we do have freedom, then pro-choice and legalizing abortion is the answer. I will also talk about ethical issues,Read MoreThe Importance Of Writing781 Words   |  4 PagesAll throughout my public school education, the majority of my writing consisted of persuasive essays. While I have grown to become confident in my ability to produce this type of writing, when I started college, I felt lost writing research papers. The steps to writing a persuasive essay is so ingrained in my mind that it was hard to break out of that habit when my assignments required a different method. The only significant research paper that I wrote was during junior year of highschool. HoweverRead MoreJulius Caesar - English Yr 12 - Conflicting Perspectives Essay860 Words   |  4 Pagesemotions which is more effective. This can be seen through the texts Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, the article Arguments Against Abortion by Kerby Anderson and the essay ‘Abortion and the Alternatives by Voula Papas. In the text Julius caesar conflicting perspectives can be seen in act 3 scene one where both Brutus and Antony give speeches about caesars death. In Brutus’s speech he uses a number of rhetorical features and logic to convince the Plebeians that the killing of Caesar wasRead MorePersuasive Essay Topics1228 Words   |  5 Pages101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay topic, or a teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay, this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource. I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to todays society, but I believe I am happy with the results. I appreciate any and all comments or feedback. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24Read MoreAbortion676 Words   |  3 PagesA Persuasive/Argumentative Essay Name: Jade T. Samillano Section: U Date: March 20, 2011 â€Å"WHY WOMEN SHOULD NOT HAVE AN ABORTION† What it would be like to die so young and fragile? What it would be like to kill someone so young and fragile? Abortion to my definition is the taking of life. Nowadays more and more teens are getting pregnant and having abortions secretly and easily. Even their parents have no idea about thisRead MoreOn Thomson s A Defense Of Abortion Essay1278 Words   |  6 PagesOn Thomson’s â€Å"A Defense of Abortion† Abortion is the intentional and deliberate termination of a human pregnancy that results in the death of a fetus. It is a practice that has sparked many debates centering around arguments over women’s right and fetal rights. Judith Jarvis Thomson’s essay, â€Å"A Defense of Abortion,† argues that a fetus’s right to life does not always override a women’s right over her own body and thus abortion is not morally impermissible. By using thought experiments, ThomsonRead MoreExamples Of Persuasive Speech On Adoption882 Words   |  4 Pagespick from race, religion, gender, and age. You have many choices and love to give to children in need. In conclusion, â€Å"adoption can change the life of a child in need,† ( Adoption is an better alternative to getting an abortion. Adoption let’s everyone,such as, single parents or same sex couples have the opportunity to start a family because of infertility or just because they have an caring heart. According to the off and running article, â€Å"in 2001, there were 1.5 millionRead MorePersuasion Is The Act Of Changing Individuals1357 Words   |  6 Pageshas shown to be effective however there are some attempts that fail, in this essay I will explain why persuasion doesn’t always work. The factors I will look at are reactance, counterarguing, avoidance, forewarning and attitude inoculation. Reactance theory can explain why some persuasion attempts fail. This suggests that a persistent attempt to persuade can actually backfire, because the individual feels that the persuasive message is directly threatening their personal freedom. This threat to their

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

History of the Olypmic Games - 776 Words

Over many lifetimes the Olympic games have been a symbol of the most prestigious sporting event in the world. Throughout time the games have evolved from two events to two hundred. Along with the events, the athletes and vision of the games have changed as well. This paper is going to show the changes for better or worse of the games. For over a thousand years there has been people participating in the Olympics. The first documented games were in greece in the year 776 BC. The games were first called â€Å"Olympics† because the first location was close to Mount Olympus, Greece. During these first games events were limited and all competitors were males. Events were held in a coliseum and a few of the competitions were wrestling and sprinting. The games were held each year for hundreds of years until the 4th century BC. The games were stopped during that time by an Olympian ruler named Theodosius A. Christian. Modern historians believe that the ruler banned the games because they went against his edicts. An edict was the rulers proclamation when he assumed power from the previous ruler and it is believed that he literally banned the games in this order. After Christians proclamation the games were not revived until the late 1800s by a frenchman named Pierre de Coubertin. He was Born into a French aristocratic family, he became an academic and studied a broad range of topics, most notably education and history. In 1892 Coubertin proposed a series of games every four years. His

Description of Nicaraguan Photo Free Essays

Roosevelt Campbell Professor Finnegan English 111 (009) 7 October 2012 The death of the young man in the Nicaraguan war The photograph by Koen Wessing, â€Å"Nicaragua† (1970) shows a group of people around a dead body on a torn up street in a tragic scene. In the foreground, lies a dead young man on a bumpy road covered with a white sheet, looks like an army boot on one foot sticking out. In the foreground, at the head of the body blood stains are noticeable. We will write a custom essay sample on Description of Nicaraguan Photo or any similar topic only for you Order Now A woman who seems to be the young man’s mother walks right up to the body, holding up a sheet to her mouth, and starts to shed tears. In the background four people stand in the street, who appear to be family members or friends of the deceased. A man, who seems to be the boy’s father or uncle, walks behind the body towards the mother. He does not confront or look at the body, with his head down and his hands together in front of him at his waist as a sign of grief. Behind the man, a friend of the family stares at the body with a handkerchief to her nose, protecting her from the stench. Alongside her is a family member who is partially hidden by the man. Only a little part of her hair, arms and legs are visible. A family member also stares at the body with a sheet wrapped across her arm. I also notice that behind these people is graffiti on the door of a building which says â€Å"FSLN† which stands for Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional (Spanish). In English, this means Sandinista National Liberation Front which is a social democratic party in Nicaragua. On that same building I can see holes on a building behind the group of people maybe they are bullet holes, from the gun when they fired at the young man. Look like there is even a spent shell to the left of the head of the body. In this photo by Koen Wessing, it indicates how the family members and friends have been affected by the death of the young man, not only them but how the country as a whole has been deeply affected with the deaths and destructions which have been taking place in the country, seemed to have been caused by a war. Koen Wessing portrays how war destroys families and the struggle that people in this scene and the whole country has to go through. When looking at the young man’s mother, family members and friends, you can see by their facial expression and body language that they’re broken down mentally by the death of the young man, which deeply affects them. This can cause problems such as depression and anger. This can even continue to affect them later on in the future. To my assumption he may have been brutally murdered by Somoza’s National Guard (opposition to the Sandinistas), because of his affiliation with the Sandinistas, and he may not have been the only innocent person to be killed by them, so there would have been other families affected by this turmoil. This war has not only affected the people but the country’s infrastructure as well such as the roads and buildings that were demolished. Homes might have also been wrecked leaving people homeless which might cause them and their children to be sleeping without a roof over their head which is not healthy. Some businesses may have been shut down, and with no businesses, people would be out of jobs and as a result of this, they wouldnot being able to provide for their family. Schools also might have been closed and this would have deeply affected the educational progress of the students and affect them in the future. In conclusion, this photo clearly states the suffering the people and the country as a whole had to go through, and how the dead are left to remind the people of fear and sadness. This image illustrates the devastating effect that a war can have on the people and its country. Koen Wessing is telling us that a war can cause a lot of problems in a country and it would be very difficult to reestablish all the aspects which have been affected. Works Cited Koen, Wessing. Nicaragua. 1970. Photograph. English 111 Course Page. Web. How to cite Description of Nicaraguan Photo, Papers

Security Risk Management Case Study Sample

Question - Prepare a case study regarding security risk management in a Casino Table of Contents Introduction: 1.1 Assets to be protected. 1.2 Threats and probability of occurrence. 1.3 Impact and consequences of a successful attack. 1.4 Design consideration or strategies to minimise the risk. 1.5 Specific measures relevant to the security risk management 1.5.1 Adjacent areas: 1.5.2 Perimeter protection. 1.5.3 Protection of the important areas: 1.5.4 Security systems and work force: 1.5.5 Security procedures and plans. Conclusion: Reference list : Appendix: Introduction: The designing of a security system for a casino is not an easy task, since it requires a high degree of security risk management system. The security system of casino is being managed by construction of towers for the Casino Police. There will be two towers that is planned to build. Tower 1 is build for the Casino Police and the Interpol, where as the Tower 2 is for the maintenance of the security in MCI (ministry of communication and Information). There is an extreme necessity of assessing needs of the security management system, before designing a strong security system for a casino. The casino risk managers are involved in the risk management process before they begin the design for development of the casino. The various important steps involved in risk management process are the Asset, identification and characterization, identification of vulnerability of specific assets and selecting the cost effective measures in the implementation of the risk management system. 1.1 Assets to be protected The assets that are needed to be protected for the complete protection of the Casino are the two towers that are Tower 1 and Tower 2. The main task in the protection of the Casino is being done by the building of two towers, one tower (Tower 1) for the Casino police and the Interpol and the second tower (Tower 2) is meant for the MCI. The tower 1 is being built in order to provide protection through the proper channel of system. Tower v1 is being build up for the Casino Police and Interpol. The Tower 2 is being build up for MCI. The Tower 2 is being built up in such a manner that it plans to occupy the upper 10 floors. The lower floor of Tower 2 will be leased out for the commercial Tenants. The tower 1 is purposefully building up for the transmission of the signal to the Casino police and the Interpol. This tower is mainly for the security issues to be solved by the Casino police. The tower 2, is also build up in the opposite side basement for MCI. This tower is also meant for the provision of the security that work on the providing of the data to the ministry of communication and information. 1.2 Threats and probability of occurrence This part deals with the assessment with the identification of possible threats that can cause destruction if any risk prevails. The risk managers of the casino are involved in the collection of required information in the form of data analysis by the researcher in respect to the casino risk management system. The investigators of the threat assessment programme are detecting the threats, in order to determine the possible threats that can occur. The most form of the threats that can occurs inside the casino are the involvement of the criminals, barrier of business competitors, involvement of the hackers and the foreign intelligence agencies and the terrorist. Those are the threats that have been detected by the investigators of the risk management system of the casino. The threats are indirect form of the natural disasters and possess the cyber threats like the system virus attacks and the out of service. These threats can be also in the form of the political involvement terror atta cks inside the casino. These are the short-term politically motivated protests via cyber means or physical, regardless of the individual or the organisational involvement. For that matter even, the companies or the major banks under the government departments may also be targeted as part of the global attack. An effective way for the prevention of certain horrified attacks in the casino by the security specialists is to organise the threat data by using the previous data record from the past disaster events and attacks all across the globe in the casino. The data record of the past attacks by different sources will provide the researcher to enable a detailed analysis of the possible threats from the threat assessment program carried out by the investigators. Now it is the responsibility of the investigator to make effective plans and preventive measure to stop the further attack of the possible occurrence of the threats. 1.3 Impact and consequences of a successful attack There are variable consequences and impacts that can be seen due to the occurring of the possible threats in the casino. There are different categories that can be seen in terms of the negative impact of the disasters in the form of attacks and cyber crimes inside the casinos. Public health: Effect on the human life and the normal running of the human life styles getting impacted. The physical well-being is also distorted in those consequences. This may involve in the form of fatalities, injuries and illness. The health and hygiene of the public are being equally kept in account of the risk management system, accordingly run the system in order to provide the public with a healthy system of the Casino. Public safety: The safety to the public visiting the place inside the resort cum Casino. The security system of the Casino cum the resort try to manage the system of the Casino and try to maintain a healthy and safe system to the public visiting to the place inside the Casino. The safety measures are being provide by the risk management system of their sort cum Casino in order time have a quality time effort then public ego are the regular the members of the Casino. The risk management system also port emphasize on the public safety by maintain strong control on the access of the entrance of the Casino. Economic effect: The economic losses can be in either the form of indirect or the direct form, such as the cost for the remaking of the loss in the infrastructure. It may also involve the cost to respond to and recover the loss in the attacks, downstream costs resulting from the disruption of the product or the loss. This also may involve the long-term cost due to the environmental damage of the infrastructure. Psychological effect: The effect on the public morale and confidence that is hampered due to these kinds of offences. This leads to the change in the perception of the local citizen on the understanding of the government attitude. This ultimately puts a negative impact on the publics sense of safety and the well-being of the people staying in the city. Mission impact: The maintenance of the order, delivery of the public sense of the safety and the well being and the loss of the minimum essential public services in order to ensure the health and safety of the public residing in the city. This leads to the change of the public behaviour and mar questions on the public security under the guidance of the government pressure. 1.4 Design consideration or strategies to minimise the risk The security of the risk management and the design consideration for the tower is build that is based on the security enhancement of building towers in the periphery of the Casino. The towers are building for the Casino police and the Interpol, and the tower 2 is build based on the security of the Casino ministry of communication and information. The Interpol has the intelligence that International crime syndicates are attempting to build inroads into Singapore. The government has decided to build a dedicated premise and complete security for Casino police. This will enable to select the group of the Interpol Officers at the Marina Bay Area. Thereafter the ministry if the information and communication has decided to re locate are the new site for the construction of the separate tower in the new site. These will enable to enforce the following security options. In depth security: The concept of the security in depth defines the barrier in the design of an effective infrastructure of the Casino. It is one of the concepts that is mostly used in the military field. Through these concepts, the barriers are referred as the lines of the defence in the strategies in the Casino design. Property line: The property line is the first line of defence for the security management of the casino. The proper infrastructure such as maintaining street lights and fences for the infrastructure maintenance inside casino is provided by superior security management system. Apart from that the Casino are being provide with the constant monitoring system by inserting camera at the regular area covering the casino periphery. This will help in the detection of the criminal activities that may occur in the interior of the casinos. Infrastructure security building: The security managements system can be more effective with the usage of CCTV inside and outside the Casino periphery. This will help in the record maintenance with the video tape recording. To access the control of the employees is the major concern for the risk security management. Detection and response: The security system inside the casino has the different functionality such as the detection and the response. These functions are the important asset protection in the security management system. It means the discovery of the advisory action that deals with the security management. The importance of the physical security system is needed to detect the criminal acts, which will be occurring within the organisational premises. Surveillance of the staffs of the casino is done in order to influence the security system of the casino. The detection process also involves the installation of the fire extinguisher in order tom detect if there is any risk of the fire within the casino. This leads to the quick and precise security system as the safety and asset protection of the casino. 1.5 Specific measures relevant to the security risk management 1.5.1 Adjacent areas: The adjacent areas around the two towers that have been build up for the protection of the Casino in such a way that the Casino will be protected from entire of its surrounding. The tower 1 is set to occupy for the Casino police and the Interpol. The tower 2 is made in such a way in order to occupy the upper 10 floors of the tower2 by the MCI i.e. Ministry of communication and information. Those two towers will be connected by the sky bridges at the 5th, 10th and the 15th storeys. Hence at those levels of the floor, the two of the towers are being connected by the sky bridges so that a common platform can be shared. The two towers are being in such a manner that they share a common 5-level basement carpet. The common basement carpet is going to build such that it will house a lock-up capacity of up to 100 persons at the same instant of time. First 3 levels of the Casino Police tower will have a CAFETERIA and an AUDITORIUM CUM EXHIBITION space. These are meant for the public education and the awareness programmes. 1.5.2 Perimeter protection As per the schematic layout of the Tower proposed by the government, there is to be building of two towers in the premises of the Casino. The government has decided to build a Casino protection system according to the ministry of Communication and information (MCI), plans. One of the towers that are Tower 1 is build above the floor that consists of the Cafeteria, auditorium and the exhibition space. It is meant to be building for the Casino Police and the Interpol. The tower 2 is build around 10 floors consisting of the MCI and the Commercial space. There are different functionalities of easy of the accord ring to security features inside the Casino. The sky bridge storeys will connect these two Towers. The two towers are going to share the information and provide awareness programmes inside the public of the Casino (Refer to appendix). The two towers are being build in such a manner as to provide are secure information system for the Casino Police inside the Casino premises. The perimeter of the Casino is being protected by the two towers meant to be build for the Casino police, the Interpol, and the MCI particularly. The two towers are particularly share by a common 5 level basement car park that is also be a house lock-up capacity of up to 100 persons at any one time. This connectivity is attached to the basement connected to the sea level. The Interpol has the intelligence to stop the International Crime Syndicates that are able to attempt in order to make inroads into Singapore. It is followed by the sea rise place where many family people including their children, are coming to visit the casino. Hence, the casinos are becoming the point of attraction for the tourists from the far areas to have quality with their friends and relatives. This protects the operation of the Casino with the building of the two Tower s. 1.5.3 Protection of the important areas: The important areas that needs to be protected is the dedicated premise, where are the two Towers are being build up. For that purpose, the Ministry of Communications and Information (MCI) is planning to co-locate at the new site. These crucial areas of the Casino have been protected with the help of the strong information system. It is being run with the help of the capturing of the signals through the building of the towers around the Casino for the Casino police, Interpol and the MCI. These are the tower that are the key signal indicators, since these are connected with a strong information system to catch any there is any unwanted activities inside then Casino. 1.5.4 Security systems and work force: The protective measures to be initiative of the collaborative effort of the management system are in order to provide a high sensitive system of protection inside the Casino. In view of the provision of the protection, the government has decided to build a dedicated premise for the two towers at the Marina Bay Area. The Tower 1 is built for the Casino Police and the Interpol. The 1st three levels of the Casino police Tower will have a cafeteria and an auditorium cum exhibition space. Tower 2 is being build up for the MCI. It is planning to occupy a separate Tower due to the height constraints that is imposed on the new development. The operation of the Casino has been made flexible inside the operation of the Casino. The flexibility of the Casino operation made the work system to be more sensitive towards any somewhat criminal attracts and tasks inside the area. For that reason the security risk management has build a string intelligence system to protect the data and the information system inside the Casino to fall under the possess of any unwanted people either inside the Casino or outside the Casino. The detection of the possible threat also requires a certain effort on the side of the security risk managers of the Casino cum resort. After the detection of the possible threat, the preventive measures are actually set by the security authorities of the Casino in order to provide a complete security for the normal operation of the functions of Casino. This enables to provide a higher degree of protection of the Casino from the external threat of the Casino. The authorities of the officials then set the prevent ive measures and the plan of the security are responsible for the protection of the security system of the Casino cum resort. They manage to design appropriate designs and strategies in order to fight against the externals that are mad to the purpose of the destruction of the Casino and cause harm to thousands of people and cause economic condition. There is protection system applied by the owners and the operation of the commercial office and residential buildings across the Casino place complex. The commercial place and the operators of the security system put the rigorous protective system that makes sure to provide complete security facility. This will enable the security workers of the Casino to be always alert for the upcoming threat and the necessary actions and preventive, measures taken for the protection of the Casino. The common protective measure take for the protection of the Casino are: Tower 1 for the Casino police and the Interpol Tower 2 for the information security in MCI There are various other forms of the protective measures initiated for the implementation of a tight security system. This form of training is imparted to the security personnel of the Casino management, so that the securities of the Casino are being controlled under the proper and systematic guidance of the management system. This will enhance the security risk management inside the resort-cum Casino. Hence, the people who are visiting the place with their children can enjoy freely inside the resort. The security system has now limited the access to the control and ten operation of the Casino with time regulatory system. 1.5.5 Security procedures and plans Assessing threats: The assessing of the risk in the form of assessing of the threat in the context of the terror attacks. It is the ability of the security system to recognise the target the existing security measure. For that purpose, the government has decided to build the two set of the towers at the Marina Bay Area. The two towers are being connected by sky bridges at the 5th, 10th and at the 15th floor. These two towers a share a common 5-level basement that is going to house a lock-up capacity of up to 100 people at one time. It accounts for the identification of the method required for the estimation of the threat inside the casino. The consideration of the method is to tackle the possible threat prevailing inside the casino. It considers the degree of the advisory intent in order to attract the target to avoid such attacks inside the casino. The functionality involves the methods to identify the possible threat and act accordingly. According to the security plans initiated by the ministry of communication and information, the two set Towers are going to be developed in the formation of a strong system of the Security system in the resort cum Casino. There are also many other families that often visit along with their children to spent a quality tome in the wonderful resort in the periphery of the Casino. Conclusion: The Casino industry has developed tremendously since 1930s. The security management system of this Casino hence needs to be maintained with the tight level of security within the periphery of the Casino. This initiatives led by the ministry has taken the initiative to provide a Casino Tower infrastructure for the development of the tight security system. Those towers are meant for the providing of the information to the Casino police, Interpol and the MCI. As a result the workload of the Casino Police has increased tremendously. Reference list: Books: Ames, D., Droessler, T. and Hoit, M. (2011). Structures Congress 2011. Reston, Va.: American Society of Civil Engineers Amoore, L. (2013). The politics of possibility. Durhum: Duke University Press Calder, A. and Watkins, S. (2010). Information security risk management for ISO27001/ISO27002. Cambridgeshire: IT Governance Pub Soares, S. (2011). Selling information governance to the business. Ketchum, ID: MC Press. Talbot, J. and Jakeman, M. (2009). Security risk management body of knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Journals: Ferguson, R. (2014). Retirement Income Security: Challenges and Opportunities. Risk Management and Insurance Review, 17(1), pp.1-6 Hansson, S. (2008). From the casino to the jungle. Synthese, 168(3), pp.423-432 Koh, Y. and Lee, S. (2011). Cross-listing effect of U.S. casino companies: Risk-adjusted performances. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30(4), pp.1055-1058. Michael, K. (2012). Security Risk Management: Building an Information Security Risk Management Program from the Ground Up. Computers Security, 31(2), pp.249-250 Southern, S. (2009). Creating risk management strategies for IT security. Network Security, 2009(3), pp.13-16 Websites: Anon, (2015). [online] Available at: https://Security risk management in casino [Accessed 2 Jan. 2015] Appendix: Figure: Schematic of the security development of the Casino